About a project
The first chargeable parking slots appeared in Moscow on November 1, 2012 as part of a pilot project. Now chargeable parking lots exist in the majority of neighborhoods and districts that are the busiest and the most popular among the drivers
Since June 1, 2013 chargeable parking was introduced within the Boulevard Ring. Since June 1, 2014 chargeable parking lots appeared near the Moscow City International Business Center where the differential rates were introduced for the first time in Moscow.
The project proved to be efficient:
- Travelling speed increased by 12%;
- Parking violation reduced by 64%;
- The number of personal vehicles entering the territory within the Garden Ring reduced by 25%;
- Vehicles turnover rate increased 4-fold (before the average parking time used to be 6-8 hours, now this parameter is not exceeding 1,5 hours).
Since August 1, 2014 the Moscow Parking Space expanded up to the Third Transport Ring of Moscow and then scaling up became more occasional. Parking lots appeared in the busiest places located close to the most popular places: shopping malls, business centers, metro stations, railway stations, markets, parks, other green zones, etc.
The main objectives of the project are:
- Reduction in the number of the city parking violations;
- Increase in travelling speed in the parking zone areas;
- Increase of parking slots turnaround rate;
- Reduction in the number of personal vehicles entering the territory and promotion of public transport services
Chargeable parking lots improve an overall city traffic situation and increase street capacity. After the launch of the common parking standards and rules, there is no more “spontaneous parking” on the city streets, and the traffic conditions are comfortable traffic for drivers, public transport passengers and pedestrians.
Chargeable parking lots help the city to cope with a number of transportation issues.
Within 5 years the traffic speed of vehicles in the city center has increased even in rush hour, the number of emergency sites has decreased, and thus the arrival time of emergency services reduced notably.
Those who work or go shopping in the city center, spend their time more efficiently. When parking was free of charge, people could leave their vehicles for 10 hours and more. Currently, the average duration of the parking session, regardless the zone, is 1 hour 20 minutes, and less than 1 hour in the increased fee areas.
Fees are established based on street business and the necessity to prioritize residential parking. The maximum fee of 200 RUR is set in the busiest streets (with a 100% daily capacity, e.g. Neglinnaya, Malaya Bronnaya, Petrovka streets) within the Third Ring Road.
The changes of parking fee policy helped to unload parking lots allowed drivers to park in those places, where it was impossible previously. After the change were introduced on December 2, 2016, residents can use nearby parking lots and do not waste any more time for finding an available spot in the residential zone. Residents can use parking for free from 8PM to 8AM, and the residential permit, which costs 3000 RUR a year, provides an opportunity to park for free 24/7 for a year.
- On-street parking
- Parking lots near socially important locations
- Lifting gate parking lots
- Truck parking lots
- Bus parking
There are over 80 thousand chargeable parking slots in Moscow, 10% of which (8.6 thousand) are reserved for low-mobility citizens.
Free-of-charge parking lots are situated near socially important locations, such as hospitals, outpatient clinics, cathedrals, medical research institutions. Such parking facilities are marked with special signs and are free to visitors.
Chargeable parking lots with lifting gates are distributed around the city and located close to the most visited places, transport hubs and in residential areas. Parking lots operate 24/7, but they are not meant for storing vehicles and keeping them safe as compared to private garages.
Within the Garden Ring there are special facilities for truck parking exceeding 1.5 tons. Such parking lots are located within the busiest sales areas to provide space for truck loading and unloading. Such areas are marked with a 8.4.1. Type of Vehicle sign with a permissible load of over 1.5 tons and parking zone numbers starting from 5000.
Parking lots for tourist buses are located close to monuments, theatres, parks and museums. Bus parking lots are marked and have respective signs and information stands. Bus parking lots numbers also start from 5000.
Moscow Parking Space Organizer
Moscow Parking Space Administrator is a company which is authorized to manage Moscow Parking operation, namely by:
- Arranging parking infrastructure (parking lots system operation, presence of all respective chargeable parking lots signs and information stands;
- Managing revenues from chargeable parking;
- Checking compliance with chargeable parking policies, writing out tickets and fines for any parking violations on the territory of Moscow.