FAQ

Reasons for introduction of fees for parking, goals of the program

What is paid parking?

The system of paid parking is introduced on the road network in the central part of the city. Introduction of charges is going to beincremental: in 2013 — within Bulvarnoye Koltso (the Boulevard Ring), and then introduction of paid parking will possibly take place within Sadovoye Koltso (the Garden Ring) and Tretye Transportnoye Koltso (the Third Transportation Ring). The district chosen for the pilot project to regulate the technical and organizational processes of administering paid parking is Petrovka Street, Karetniy Ryad and the adjoining streets and alleys. The parking cost is 50 rubles per hour. The pilot project area has about 568 parking spaces. Onthe whole there are 4,000 parking spaces in Bulvarnoye Koltso. Parking in all other places is prohibited with a fine of 2,500 rubles tobe paid.

Why do you have to pay for parking now?

We are making Moscow a city convenient for life. In such cities transport policy priorities are as follows:

 the top priority is the convenience of pedestrians

 second priority is public transport convenience, since it most efficiently uses the street and road network

 then comes a moving car

 and only after that comes a parked car. The latter does not do any useful work, just taking up public space

That is why in all the cities of the world it is considered savagery to keep cars in the streets and on the roads. As soon as the city reaches a high level of car ownership (approximately 300-400 cars per 1,000 inhabitants), it is forced to abandon free parking, that is, free use of public space for parking private cars. In American cities, this happened back in the 1930s, in Western Europe — in 1960s. It is an effective and easily understood tool for managing the demand for scarce resource capacity of city streets.

Moscow is not following the most radical way. In other countries the problem is solved by preventing personal transport from entering the city center, introduction of entrance charges and huge taxes and certificates on car ownership, and so on.

 For example, in London, one must pay £12 a day (about 600 rubles) to enter the city center. Residents of the center can rent aparking space in the yard or near the house for 100 pounds (5,000 rubles) a year, yet parking spaces can be given to only 20% of the total number of applicants a month, others are put on the so-called waiting list. For other parking lots Londoners have to pay an extra 4pounds per hour (about 200 rubles) and are allowed to occupy the space for no longer than 4 hours.

 In Beijing and Shanghai one cannot buy a car without pre-purchase/rental of a parking place. Parking charge in Beijing is 2.5 RMB per 15 minutes (about 50 rubles/hour). An average wage in China amounts to 20,000 rubles (40% less than in Russia).

What official documents does paid parking refer to?

Article 12 of Federal Law #257-FZ of November 8, 2007 “On highways and roads in the Russian Federation.” As part ofimplementation of the provisions of the Law, Resolutions #543-PP and #289-PP of the Government of Moscow were adopted onOctober 5, 2012 and May 17, 2013.

Parking is paid. Where shall we park our cars?

 in the yards

 in garages

 in paid parking lots (from 2013 residents are granted the opportunity to purchase annual parking tickets. IMPORTANT: Purchase of a parking season ticket is only possible after registration of a free resident parking permit)

What exactly is going to be improved with the help of this project? (KPI — measurements of traffic flow, people’s control, etc.)

Two factors serve as th basis for calculating the efficiency:

 Number of violations of the Traffic Code and parking rules (before the launch of the pilot project violations in the pilot area amounted to over 60%, whereas in the process of implementing the full-scale project the level should decrease to 10-15%)

 Increasing the speed of traffic

For reference: since paid parking lots appeared

an average speed of vehicles has increased by ~6-8%

a number of recorded violations has decreased by ~65%

Why didn’t you first build free parking lots, and then introduced a fee for parking in streets and roads?

Additional parking lots in the downtown area will serve as a signal for motorists to enter the city center, for example, those motorists who now leave their cars in park-and-ride parking lots in the outskirts and then take the subway (24% of motorists). Even if we build parking lots (within the Central Administrative District 216 facilities of 35,000 spaces can be built), it will not solve the problem, because now 250,000 motorists drive into the city center daily. Of course, it is possible to build three-storey parking lots, but this can only be done in the places of on-site gardens and parks.

We intend to offer motorists an alternative to their personal transport in the city center, that is, public transport, including the new legal taxi. It can offer a level of comfort comparable to private transport, and taxis are parked in strictly designated areas, thus not violating parking rules. It is important to understand that limited parking space for the city is not an ultimate goal. Such a measure as the new administration of parking spaces will only work in case other transport strategy measures are taken.

The only parking space in the center that remains free for all but the residents is yards. In this case, the yards will be clogged with cars of those who work for organizations located in the vicinity. This may create discomfort for the tenants (noise, lack of parking spaces, restriction of free movement for pedestrians). How is the Department of Transport going to solve this problem?

Tenants of houses are recommended to put up barriers that restrict entry of transport from the outside.

How can one put up barriers in the yards, hire guards and make residents pay charges for that, with the yards so small there aren’t enough spaces for all residents anyway?

Putting up barriers in the yards of residential houses is in the first place necessary in order to make the area free of outside cars and provide unimpeded access to special service vehicles (fire, ambulance, etc.). Also, putting up a barrier enables you to park right by your house, otherwise it is hardly possible.

If the tenant does not get a parking space in the yard, he/she is entitled to round-the-clock parking at any official municipal parking lot inthe district provided that he/she pays 3,000 rubles a year for a resident’s parking ticket. Annual parking tickets can be purchased only after registration of a free resident parking permit.

How is a mobile complex of photo and video registration (PVR) going to detect that a driver has violated a parking rule, and not just stopped for drop-off/pick-up?

A mobile complex of photo and video registration passes through one and the same route several times an hour (once every 15minutes), registering cars’ plate numbers. This is enough to determine if the car has parked, or just stopped to drop off/pick uppassengers.

Why not make parking in the city center free at weekends and in the evenings (at night) when the parked cars do not create any obstacles to moving traffic? Even with vehicles of local residents parked, there is enough space for everyone

Bulvarnoye Koltso is a zone with a lot of business centers and recreational places, so on weekdays during the day people arrive towork, and in the evening they go to theaters or cafes. The situation remains the same at weekends. At different times of the day most people come to the city center for leisure, and parking spaces remain occupied. In the course of implementing the project of paid parking within Bulvarnoye Koltso, the Department of Transportation plans to analyze the occupancy of each parking zone, and on the basis of the data obtained parking terms available for each parking zone can be adjusted.

How is a mobile complex of photo and video registration (PVR) going to spot plate numbers of the cars parked at different angles to the curb on the other side of one-way streets, or whose plate numbers are at different heights?

PVR is equipped with a dual-channel DVR capable of recording violations on both sides of the road.

If all drivers use the subway, it will become overcrowded and impossible to be used. How can the authorities resolve this situation?

Within the project it is planned that about 100,000 drivers will switch to public transport, the figure is not critical, since today the subway is used by about 8-9 million passengers. Thus, even if all the drivers switch to subway, its passenger flow will increase by nomore than 1-1.5%.

In the city center land transport, which is not as crowded as the subway, is an alternative. Moreover, the territories free from illegal parking, will be used for new routes of land transport, which will increase its convenience for residents.

Why is the Moscow government so actively trying to make population switch to public transport without developing the infrastructure?

The Department of Transport is engaged in the development of transport infrastructure, for example, in 2012, there were built three new subway stations, “Novokosino” on Kalininskaya line, “Alma-Atinskaya” on Zamoskvoretskaya line and “Pyatnitskoe Shosse” onMitinsko-Stroginskaya line.

In 2013, in the following measures are going to be implemented in the Moscow subway:

 Installing of WI-FI in stations and trains

 Adding 300 air-conditioned subway cars

 Equipping stairs with ramps for wheelchairs at 8 stations

 Construction of 7 new subway stations, as well as 14 km of new subway lines

In 2013 a number of measures are also going to be implemented in the land public transport system:

 Installing air-conditioners

 Building ramps for people with limited mobility

 Reducing public transport arrival intervals

 Making new routes (118 new routes in Moscow, Route 3 in the area of the pilot project), including high-speed routes of buses and trams

 Replacing over half of the rolling stock for modern, low-floor buses, trams and trolleybuses

 Introducing new PT only lanes

What date are parking fees within Bulvarnoye Koltso going to be introduced?

June 1, 2013 in accordance with the Resolution of the Moscow Government “On organization of paid city parking lots in the city ofMoscow”

Where are special tariff zones going to be located? Will the information be available to the public? What are the conditions?

Currently, only one tariff zone is set. The decision on the introduction of tariff zones is going to be taken by the Moscow Government with the release of the relevant legal act.

Is parking marked with a sign “for embassy staff only” legal?

It is considered illegal. Such illegal parking signs shall be eliminated by the traffic police.

How are parking zones going to be located within Bulvarnoye Koltso?

From June 1 parking zones shall be numbered in a new way: one parking zone shall cover the entire municipal district

Distcrict:

Bulvarnoye Koltso (without the outer ring of BK)

What is the parking inspection?

The parking inspection involves staff of the state public institution ’AMPP’ administering parking spaces:

• Manual registration of violations by means of portable violations registration equipment

• Cleaning car plate numbers so that they can be detected;

• Registration and transferring data on removing car plate numbers

Cost of parking

How much is a parking fee going to be?

Within Bulvarnoye Koltso a parking fee is 50 rubles per hour. The fee is not going to depend on the number of hours and parking duration.

In the course of project implementation rates may be revised, if needed, in accordance with the need for specific parking spaces.

A parking fee at commercial facilities (business and shopping centers, etc.) is set by their owners only.

Are the parking fees for cars and motorcycles going to differ?

At first, no. Perhaps the parking fee for motorcycles will be introduced following the results of the pilot project.

How much is a parking fee in European cities?

An average hourly parking fee in foreign capitals amounts to about 100 rubles. For example, in New York, it is $3 per hour; in Vienna— 2 euro, and parking time should not exceed 2 hours; in the center of Paris — 3 euro per hour with the parking time limited to 2hours ); in Sydney — an hour of parking costs 7 Australian dollars during office hours (from 8 am to 6 pm). In London it is £4 + 9 per entry, the maximum duration of parking is 4 hours.

Why not set the parking fee taking into consideration its location? The fact is that in some parking lots spaces are more in demand than in other lots.

In the course of implementation of the project the demand for parking spaces in various lots is going to be analyzed. An hourly parking fee is going to be set depending on how popular a parking lot is.

Where does the money collected for parking go?

According to decree #850-PP, the money collected for parking goes equally to municipalities of the districts of Moscow. Municipalities, in turn, invest the money into provision of urban aminities based on requests from residents.

With the expansion of paid parking zones on the territory of Bulvarnoye Koltso, the money collected for parking per year will beredistributed between the district councils in proportion to the amounts collected in each district. The money will be transferred to the councils in the first half of the next year, and the councils will administer the resources received during the second half of the year.

How is the use of resources by the councils going to be monitored?

Control over the use of resources by district administrations is performed by the Moscow Government in due course.

What has the money received by the Tverskoy district council been spent on?

Now the Tverskoy district council is collecting suggestions from residents to determine what needs the money received from the pilot project of paid parking will be spent on.

Parking fees

Payment for parking, — prepaid or postpaid?
All methods of payment require prepaid payment method. At the same time cash payment is not required.
How to pay for parking?

The payment system is only an automated, i.e. without participation of a person collecting the fee. This avoids the risks associated with misconduct “valet parking”.

a) SMS. Send an SMS with the following text §For Payment: number of a parking lot * car registration number * number ofhours’ to 7757

Here is an example of SMS for a car with a registration number a000aa177 for 3 hours: 1001*a000aa177*3

§ Early termination of parking: S or C

§ Extension of parking: X number of hours

An example of an SMS for the 2 hour-extension: X2

Note:

• If you are registered on parking.mos.ru and have your parking account, replenished in advance, the money will automatically bededucted from the parking account

• If you are not registered on the site, with the first parking payment a parking account will automatically open, but the money will bededucted from your mobile (only for prepaid tariff users)

• If there are insufficient funds to pay for parking in the parking account, the money will be deducted from the mobile account (only for prepaid tariff users)

• Postpaid tariff users are required to get registered and replenish their parking account in advance.

The prepaid tariff: the money is deducted as soon as you use any of cellular operator services (a call, SMS, MMS, mobile Internet)

The postpaid tariff: the money for the services used (a call, SMS, MMS, mobile Internet) is deducted at the end of a calendar month (usually with corporate numbers)

b) A mobile application. You should get registered on parking.mos.ru, go to your personal account and open a parking account. Funds in the parking account can be replenished with the help of your mobile phone account, payment systems (qiwi, dengi.mail) and acredit card. After downloading the free mobile app on your mobile device, when the vehicle is in the parking lot you can log on to your personal account and select the “Pay for parking” option.

At the end of parking you need to choose the “Stop parking” option. This payment method is the most popular worldwide due to its convenience and the possibility to save money.

c) Parking machines. You can pay for parking through a parking machine using a special parking card or credit card. In this case you can choose the number of parking hours. A fifteen minute billing is set. To pay with a parking card you need to attach it to the validator. Cards are on sale in ’Svyaznoy’ kiosks.

How can I replenish my personal parking account?

You can select one of the following ways:

In ’My Personal Account’ click ’Replenish’ next to ’Current Balance’, and then select one of the following ways to replenish your account:

 “From my mobile phone account” — you can replenish a sum of between 100 and 1,000 rubles (available only for prepaid tariff users).

Send a text message with the word “Pay” and the amount of payment in rubles without spaces, to number 7757.

For example, Pay100 to replenish your account by adding 100 rubles.

Money will come from your mobile phone account. The service is only available for users of prepaid tariff plans. The message should betyped in Latin letters.

 By a scratch card

You need to buy a card, scratch off the foil, and send an SMS with the code you find with no spaces between the numbers to 7757. Now you can pay for parking using your parking account in any convenient manner)

 “Other payment methods” — you can replenish your account by adding a sum of up to 1,000 rubles using your credit card (Visa, Master Card) or e-wallet payment systems QIWI or dengi@mail.ru;

Are ’My Personal Account’ and a parking account associated with a particular mobile phone number?
Yes, when registering in ’My Personal Account’ users should specify the number of the mobile phone to which ’My Personal Account’ and a parking account are going to be attached.
How do I use a scratch card?

Instructions for replenishing your account:

1. Carefully remove the protective coating

2. Send an SMS to 7757 with the number of your card * (example: 5244 5414 8181)

3. Get an SMS-confirmation of the parking account replenished**

Paying parking fees after replenishing your parking account:

1. Send an SMS to 7757 to pay for parking with the following text: a parking lot number*your vehicle registration number*number ofparking hours

2. Download the mobile app “MPP Full” from parking.mos.ru

* Number should be entered without spaces.

** Warning! Money added to replenish your account is never paid back!

What nominal value of scratch cards will be available?
Cards are going to be issued in 4 nominal values, 300, 500, 1,000, and 5,000 rubles.
What do I need a scratch card for?
Cards are recommended for users of corporate and credit tariffs, as they can quickly and easily replenish their parking accounts, regardless of the tariff type. When paying for parking from a parking account users of corporate and credit tariffs can pay for parking by sending an SMS using the mobile application.
Why can’t I pay in cash?
It is planned that you will be able to pay for parking in cash through payment terminals. Currently, negotiations are underway on this issue.
Will there be any new payment options introduced?
Beside being able to pay for parking in cash through payment terminals each user, including postpaid tariff users, will be able topurchase a so-called scratch card, i.e. a card with a protective coating under which the code is placed to replenish a personal parking account. Each card will be of a certain nominal value (300, 500, 1,000, or 5,000 rubles). These cards will be available for sale in“Svyaznoy” stores, as well as all major retailer networks.
Can I pay through parking machines, for example, of parking zone 1008, in case my vehicle is parked in parking zone 1009?
Payment can be made in any parking machine, you only need to enter the correct number of the zone your vehicle is parked or is going to be parked.
Are there any plans to further increase the number of parking machines?
In addition to 10 parking machines located in the area of the pilot project, 135 more parking machines are going to be placed on the territory of Bulvarnoye Koltso.
What is taken into consideration when installing parking machines? Why are there exactly 145 of them?
Parking machines are installed taking into consideration territory zoning with reference to the number of spaces (in the area of the pilot project one parking machine covers ~55 spaces for vehicles, so that it takes no more than 5 minutes to walk to the machine). InBulvarnoye Koltso 1 parking machine covers ~30 spaces for vehicles.
Where should users apply in case the parking machine has not issued a check confirming the payment (for example, when a legal entity needs aconfirmation document to report to the accounting department or to challenge a fine).

In case thermal paper is over or there is any other problem, you should apply to the parking machine technical service that will issue aconfirmation. You can also call the hotline to confirm the payment.

If the bank payment has been made through the parking machine, you can apply for a bank statement to submit to your accounting department.

How can a parking card be replenished? How do I know my card balance?
Initially all parking cards are going to be disposable. At present, an issue of paying for parking by “Troika” transportation card is being considered. It is also planned that this option will become available in 2013. In order to find out your card balance you can use aparking machine.
How shall I know if parking has been paid?
Data on each payment is transferred to a common database. Also, mobile systems of photo and video registration (PVR) will move around city’s parking lots and register all parked vehicles. PVR will make online checks whether each occupied parking space has been paid. If it has not, the system will automatically create a document on the administrative law violation obliging the offender to pay a fine of 2,500 rubles. This penalty will be sent to the motorist by mail. PVR passes each section of the parking lot once every few minutes. Aviolation registration document is issued only if a vehicle’s parking space has not been paid and the parking time exceeds 15 minutes.
How long are parking cards valid for?
Validity of non-replenishable cards is 12 months from the date of activation in a parking machine

Resident permit

What are the conditions provided for residents?
Currently, all residents of Bulvarnoye Koltso are entitled to free resident parking in the streets from 8 pm to 8 am. In order to obtain the right, it is necessary to receive a parking permit. In other words, it is issued to avoid paying for parking in the streets at night.

Permits are issued one per apartment, and if two families share an apartment and have two separate accounts for utility and other service payments, then two permits per apartment will be issued.

To obtain a permit you need to have either a certificate of ownership of the apartment, a social tenancy agreement (only for the tenants), or a renting contract (only for renters).

A parking permit is issued through the following procedure. The simplest and quickest option is to register on the site pgu.mos.ru. The second option is to turn to the local multifunctional center. (Except for the case described below in bold). If a permit is issued by the owner’s representative, the latter should also submit his/her passport and the document proving their representation.

Important: If an apartment was registered before or during 1998, a vehicle owner should personally submit a certificate ofownership to the multifunctional center, or indicate its number when registering on pgu.mos.ru.

When contacting the multifunctional center documents are not needed (except the case described in bold).

Applications are accepted in the multifunctional center and on the website from October 16, 2012.

Parking in yards remains free. Therefore, residents of the pilot project, if the issue has not been yet resolved, it is recommended toinstall barriers at yard entrances. For this, we recommend that you contact your district council.

Currently, residents can purchase paid parking tickets for 3000 rubles a year. A parking ticket holder is entitled to free (except for 3000 rubles paid for the ticket) round-the-clock parking in the district of residence.

One ticket will be issued per apartment. If two families share an apartment and have two separate accounts for utility and other service payments, they can purchase two parking tickets provided they have their parking permits issued.

What should I do if there is a yard technically, but it is in fact so small that can host only two vehicles?

In such a case, you can park your vehicle in in the following locations:

• Streets and roads (provided you have a resident parking permit);

• Off-street parking lots

Why is there only one permit issued per apartment? What should those who have 2 or more vehicles in the family do?

In Bulvarnoye Koltso in Moscow there are slightly over 4,000 parking spaces permitted in the streets and roads, while the population of the district within Bulvarnoye Koltso amounts to about 500,000 people, which is much higher than the maximum number of allowable parking spaces. Even if we issue 1 permit per apartment, we significantly increase the traffic load and lower the possible average speed of traffic in the main streets.

How long does it take to for a resident permit to be issued (not a parking ticket)?

A resident parking permit is issued within 6 working days, a parking permit for people with disabilities — up to 10 working days.

What does the annual resident parking ticket (3000 rubles a year) entitle me to?

• Since 2013, residents can purchase parking tickets for 3000 rubles a year. These tickets entitle holders to park on the territory of the municipal district of holders’ residence.

• Residents who received a parking permit before January 1, 2013 can park for free in all paid parking lots of their municipal district atany time of day before their parking permit is expired (they do not need to purchase a parking ticket for 3000 rubles).

• If a resident for some reason does not need a parking ticket for free round-the-clock parking in the municipal district, he/she can apply for just a resident parking permit, which is a free public service.

• Parking for the disabled has always been and still is free.

What shall I do if my parking permit has already expired, and the resident ticket has not?

As soon as the resident permit is expired, the parking ticket automatically becomes void. Thus, we strongly recommend that you obtain a parking ticket (if necessary) as soon as your resident parking permit has been issued.

How can I purchase an annual resident parking ticket?

In order to obtain an annual resident parking ticket you need to do the following:

1. Obtain a free resident parking permit

2. Download an application receipt either on the website of the Moscow Department of Transport dt.mos.ru, or on the website ofMoscow parking space http://parking.mos.ru

1. Pay a sum of 3000 rubles to the bank account of the Department of Transport using the banking details provided

2. Email a scan of the paid receipt to parq@dt.mos.ru

3. Users get registered and are sent a registration confirmation

Which fields should a resident fill out in the receipt of “Annual resident parking ticket 3000”?

You should fill out the following fields in “Annual fee for resident parking in paid parking lots” (3000 rubles):

1) Payer (name, surname, patronymic)

2) Payer’s address

3) Date

4) Payer’s signature
Do I have to purchase an annual parking ticket if I have already obtained a permit?

If you already have a resident permit issued before January 1, 2013, you do not need to buy a resident parking ticket until your resident permit expires. If you received a permit after January 1, 2013, you have to pay 3,000 rubles for a parking ticket. As soon as you pay, you will be entitled to parking on the territory of your municipal district at any time of the day without paying an hourly fee.

When I pay for my annual parking ticket, how is my vehicle registration number entered in the register of parking permits, if it is not specified in the receipt?

By the name of the applying resident. In the register it is associated with the resident’s surname, as a vehicle can be changed.

When obtaining an annual parking ticket, the receipt indicates the name of the apartment owner. A vehicle’s registration number is associated with the applying resident. How can the annual ticket be obtained, if the husband who lives in the apartment is the owner, but does not have a car, and the wife is not the owner, but has a car?

The receipt is paid only after the entry of the resident parking permit is made in the register. When filling out a receipt, “Annual resident fee for the use of parking spaces in paid parking lots” you should fill out the name of the apartment’s owner.

How often can I change my vehicle’s registration number?

Every 3 months

Where can I change it?

In the local multifunctional center, or through the pgu website in ’My Personal Account’

Are there any benefits for residents applying for permits?

None (except for people with disabilities)

Are spaces in the yards reserved for residents?

No, this option is not available to residents. However, if you have parked your vehicle in the yard, nothing changes with the introduction of payment, as parking in the yards remains free of charge. You can also purchase an annual resident parking ticket for 3000 rubles and park for free for a year on the territory of your municipal district.

What happens when a car owner moves house?

If a new apartment is also located in the paid parking zone, you need to change the data of your entry in the registry of parking permits by applying to the local multifunctional center or on the site pgu.mos.ru.

Does a resident have to personally receive a notice on changing his/her data in the register of parking permits?

No, this is not required. The notice is only a confirmation that the resident will not be fined for non-payment of parking in the streets ofthe pilot project zone at night.

A notice is only a confirmation of the fact that the resident is now entitled to free overnight parking. A resident receives it by mail, by e-mail, or in his ’Personal Account’ on pgu.mos.ru.

What shall I do in case I am the apartment owner, but my application for a resident permit has been refused?

You need to call the Administration of the Moscow parking space 8 (495) 988-30-59 or e-mail to: parq@dt.mos.ru.

What shall I do if a fine can be issued from8 am onwards, but there is no way to park the car in some other yard or any other place in a free parking zone?

You can SMS in advance to number 7757 specifying the number of hours you plan to use a parking lot. The money will be debited from 8 am the next day. At the end of parking do not forget to stop parking by sending an SMS or through the parking portal.

Can owners of one and the same apartment carry out payment transactions in one and the same ’Personal Account’ on parking.mos.ru.

Yes, they can.

How does a resident register on pgu.mos.ru if he/she is not a citizen of Russia?

Citizenship of the Russian Federation is a prerequisite for obtaining a resident permit and, accordingly, registering on pgu.mos.ru.

Why is a permit valid only in the local area and not on the whole territory of the Central Administrative District?

A resident is a dweller of a particular area of a district of Moscow. If a resident travels outside the area he/she becomes a regular driver and parks on standard terms. Such a measure is implemented to optimize the parking space in the center of Moscow. It is important tonote that parking permits and annual parking tickets are originally designed for residents of a particular area so that they could leave their cars near the house on weekdays, or under any unforeseen circumstances.

Information about special conditions for welfare beneficiaries

What are the benefits for people with disabilities who use parking lots? What legislation acts are these benefits associated with?

Federal Law #181-FZ of November 24, 1995 “On social protection of disabled people in the Russian Federation”, Moscow Government Law #3 of January 17, 2001 “On ensuring the unimpeded access of disabled people to social, transport and engineering infrastructures of the city of Moscow”. The law entitles people with disabilities to free parking in special spaces, that is, people with disabilities can park their vehicles in places marked with a special traffic sign.

What disability categories enjoy the benefits?

All categories.

Will people with disabilities preserve the right for free parking in the area of the pilot project?

Yes, car owners with disabilities (regardless of where they live) are entitled to free round-the-clock parking in spaces marked with aspecial traffic sign 8.17 “Disabled” and road marking 1.24.3. Free use of parking is allowed only in marked spaces which take up noless than 10% in each paid parking lot. In all other spaces people with disabilities park on standard terms.

To confirm the right people with disabilities need to obtain a disabled parking permit.

Control over the use of city parking lots is implemented with the help of technical systems operating in the automatic mode, so to use the right of free parking a special register (database) of parking permits has been made, where disabled drivers’ cars registration numbers are kept. Mobile photo and video registration systems (PVR) move around the city detecting cars being parked in spaces marked with the ’disabled’ sign and checking whether the registration number of the car is stored in the database. If not, a fine of 2,500 rubles isissued for non-payment of parking.

A legal representative of the disabled person can obtain a parking permit provided he/she has a notarized power of attorney.

How can a disabled parking permit be obtained?

1. Register on the portal of public and municipal services (functions) of the city of Moscow www.pgu.mos.ru. When filling out the information request form you should specify your car state registration number, which is then registered in the database of disabled parking permits.

2. Apply to any multifunctional center of government services and submit the following documents:

1. Your application form.

2. Passport (birth certificate for children with disabilities under the age of 14).

3. Certificate of pension insurance (SNILS).

4. If the place of residence of a disabled person is not the city of Moscow, and if he/she has never applied to the Department of Social Protection of Population of the city of Moscow, there must be provided a document certifying the right of the disabled to benefit (adisablement certificate or an abstract of the certificate).

If a representative of the disabled person applies, he/she additionally submits the following documents:

5. Representative’s passport.

6. Document confirming the representative’s authority.

A disabled car owner can apply to any multifunctional center of the city.

The first way of applying takes less time.

How long is a disabled parking permit valid?
A disabled parking permit is valid for the whole period a person is considered disabled.
If a disabled person is a resident of the Moscow Oblast, does he/she submit the documents to the local multifunctional center?

According to Decree #543-PP people with disabilities are entitled to apply for issuing a disabled parking permit to any multifunctional center in Moscow. Right now there are 50 of them, and by the beginning of 2014 there will be 111 centers.

It is important to note that all people with disabilities in Russia are entitled to receiving a parking permit regardless of registration inMoscow or beyond.

Addresses of multifunctional centers can be found at the following link: http://www.mos.ru/about/mfc/

Which specialist is to be addressed when applying for a disabled parking permit?
A general specialist.
If an apartment owner and a person with disabilities (not an owner) both share the same apartment, are parking permits issued separately for each ofthem?
Yes
If a disabled person uses two vehicles, is it possible to obtain a parking permit for both of them?

Disabled parking permits are issued one per person. If there is one vehicle registered, and a disabled person is going to change it in the nearest future, he/she has to apply to a multifunctional center or make corrections in his/her entry on the site pgu.mos.ru. It takes a day to change an entry, which means if you apply today, you are able to use a new vehicle tomorrow.

Can people with disabilities park in the pilot project zone in case they do not live or work there?

Yes, they can.

Are people with disabilities entitled to free round-the-clock parking in the area of the pilot project?

Yes, if you have a disabled parking permit, you are entitled to free round-the-clock parking in specially marked spaces of any parking lot (at least 10% of parking spaces in each parking lot)

Are legal representatives of the disabled entitled to free parking?

Yes. To do this, they should obtain a disabled parking permit.

What is considered a special vehicle for disabled?

A special vehicle for disabled is a vehicle provided to a disabled person by the Social Security Authority. Other vehicles that disabled people own or use are also considered special for their convenience. Commercial vehicles, such as the city social taxi, etc. are not considered special vehicles for disabled.

Who is considered a legal representative of the disabled?
Parents, adoptive parents, guardians, trustees.
In case there is a disabled child in a family, is it possible to obtain a parking permit?
Yes, it can be obtained for one of his/her parents.
Are there benefits for anyone apart from people with disabilities and residents of Bulvarnoye Koltso?

As soon as the resolution of the Moscow government on introduction of paid parking in Bulvarnoye Koltso comes into force, WWII veterans awarded with the Medal for the Defense of Moscow, underage prisoners of concentration camps, ghettos and the like shall beentitled to free parking in any parking lot. In order to exercise this right, all citizens belonging to the above categories must obtain aspecial parking permit.

The owner of the property is a veteran of the Second World War, but he/she does not have a vehicle. As the veteran lives in an apartment alone, his/her grandson visits. It is necessary to issue a permit to the grandson. Is it possible to obtain a permit in this case, if the grandson is not the owner of the apartment? What documents should be submitted to obtain a permit? If I register on the site pgu.mos.ru, how can I confirm confirm availability of all the necessary documents?

As soon as the resolution of the Moscow government on introduction of paid parking in Bulvarnoye Koltso comes into force, WWII veterans will be able to obtain a permit in a multifunctional center and thus be entitled to free round-the-clock parking throughout Moscow. A veteran’s representative can also apply for a permit provided that he/she has a notarized power of attorney and a passport for identification. It is also possible to apply through pgu.mos.ru. It takes 1 day to issue a permit.

What is the procedure for applying to proper agencies when parking lot owners refuse to provide parking spaces to people with disabilities or when such spaces are occupied by other vehicles? Where should I apply to?

Article 5.43. of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation “On violation of the legislation requirements providing for spaces for the disabled in parking lots (stops)” reads

Violation of the legislation requirements providing for spaces for the disabled in parking lots (stops) shall be punishable by anadministrative fine of three to five thousand rubles for officials, and of thirty to fifty thousand for legal entities.

In case parking lot owners refuse to provide a disabled person with a free parking space, he/she can appeal to the police or a social welfare agency authorized to draw up reports of such offenses. Cases of administrative offenses under Article 5.43. of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation are considered by the court.

Should free parking for people with disabilities be allocated in commercial parking lots as well as in the streets and road network?

Free parking spaces for the disabled should be allocated in all parking lots, both paid and non-paid (including supermarket parking lots), — 10% of all parking spaces, and no less than one space.

Are vehicle owners who transport people with disabilities entitled to benefits?

Under current law, only persons with disabilities are entitled to free parking spaces for the disabled. In case when persons with disabilities have medical contraindications to driving vehicles, people transporting them are entitled to free parking spaces for the disabled.

In case a disabled person possesses several vehicles, do benefits extend to all his cars?

In this case, the benefit extends to all his/her vehicles, but in accordance with the regulations a number of a particular vehicle that adisabled person is using at the moment should be specified in the parking permit.

If a disabled person is transported by several vehicles, does the benefit extend to all of them?

Only one vehicle belonging to a person with disabilities can be registered in the database of disabled parking permits. Should the need arise an entry can be updated by contacting a multifunctional center or the portal of public services of Moscow.

What is the measure of liability provided for drivers who occupy parking spaces for people with disabilities?

In accordance with Part 2 of Article 12.19 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation a violation of the rules of stopping orparking in spaces reserved for vehicles of disabled people is punishable by an administrative fine of three to five thousand rubles. Traffic police are authorized to bring perpetrators to administrative liability for the above-mentioned offense. Monitoring violations is performed by installing video cameras and operating mobile systems of photo and video registration (PVR), i.e. vehicles with video cameras registering violations of parking regulations. Currently, the main streets are monitored by 110 PVRs.

How should disabled people park at hospitals?
Parking for disabled people is free in specially marked parking spaces in public areas (hospitals, schools).
Why is parking paid even at hospitals and schools?
This measure is necessary in order to make parking available at hospitals and schools. If parking is free for everyone, all spaces will beoccupied by office workers and residents of nearby houses. Even if visitors of these institutions are allowed to park free, there still will be lack of parking space, and our goal is to provide everyone who needs with an opportunity to park for a short time (for example, topick up/drop off passengers).

Fines

Where shall I apply to challenge a fine?

For information on the order of challenging fines see ’Fines

Where can I pay a penalty charge?

Payment of fines imposed in accordance with the decision in a case concerning an administrative offense for violation of the rules of paid public parking is accepted in all banks. When paying a fine you should inform the bank clerk about the necessity of filling out the fine details by hand for transferring the money.

How will the final penalty charge notice be issued?

A notice is created as follows. After a PVR registered a violation, it sends a photo and information about the offense in real time to the center of the automated registration of administrative offenses (CARAO). Then, the data is processed by CARAO staff. Data on the vehicle owner is added from the database of registered vehicles. All of this information forms a template, on the basis of which adecision is then issued. After the decision on an administrative offense has been issued, an AMPP clerk confirms the validity of a penalty charge notice by a digital signature. A perpetrator is then sent a letter by mail. The decision comes into force from the date a perpetrator receives the letter. If he/she does not collect the letter at the post office within 30 days, the decision on an administrative and legal offence comes into force. A vehicle owner has the right to lodge a complaint against the decision within 10 days of receipt of the letter. He/she must pay the fine within 30 days, otherwise the case goes to court.

How do I challenge a fine of 2,500 rubles?

A complaint against the decision in the case of an administrative offense can be submitted within 10 days from the date of delivery orreceipt of a copy of the decision (Article 30.3 of the Administrative Code).

For information on the order of challenging fines see ’Fines

I received a fine of 3,000 rubles, where shall I apply to challenge it?

If you disagree with the decision on an administrative offense and want to challenge a fine of 3,000 rubles you should apply to the traffic police (STSI Central Administration of MVD of Russia in Moscow) at the following address: office number 120, 1 Sadovaya-Samotechnaya St., Moscow.

How do I know if my complaint has been registered or not?

Registration of all kinds of postal items is performed by the corporate office. You can find out your complaint registration number byphone: 8-495-988-30-59 add.10-17.

How long will a complaint against the decision on an administrative offense be considered?

A complaint against the decision on an administrative offense with all the case materials attached must be considered within 10 days ofits receipt to the institution or an official authorized to examine a complaint (reference to Article 30.5 of the Administrative Code).

A copy of the decision on an administrative offense is sent to the applicant within 3 days following the consideration.

Where can I pay a penalty charge?

Payment of administrative fines for violation of the rules of paid public parking is accepted in all banks.

When paying a fine you should inform the bank clerk about the necessity of filling out the fine details by hand, since the data on the state public institution ’AMPP’ are not stored in the bank database.

How many times a day will fines be issued to one and the same offender (for example, if his/her vehicle is parked in the same place for the whole day, but has been registered by several PVRs)?

In such a case violators will be charged just once. If you receive a few penalty charge notices, you should contact the administration ofthe Moscow parking space by phone 8 (495) 988-30-59 or by e-mail: parq@dt.mos.ru

How are fines for parking and stopping violations issued?

Fines for parking and stopping violations have been issued since April 15, 2012

The system of fines for parking and stopping violations operates in the following way: a special vehicle, a mobile system of photo and video registration, equipped with cameras similar to those used by the traffic police (GIBDD) on the roads moves around during the day on a certain route, detecting registration numbers of vehicles violating parking and stopping rules. The system then creates a decision onan administrative offense and issues a penalty charge notice which is sent to a vehicle owner by mail.

An important advantage of the new system is its full automation from the moment of detecting violations to sending a penalty charge notice by mail. Thus, fines will be issued to owners of any improperly parked vehicles, regardless of their social status and financial position, or the desire to “reach the agreement on the spot”.

Will fines be issued for parking in the yards within the Central Administrative District?
Parking in the yards remains free of charge. However, there are penalties for off-street parking on the lawns. Thus, in accordance with Article 8.8 of the Administrative Code of Moscow vehicles parked on playgrounds or roadways in the yards preventing the garbage disposal, shall entail a warning or the imposition of an administrative fine of between one and three thousand rubles for ordinary citizens; between five and ten thousand rubles for officials; and between ten and twenty thousand rubles for legal entities. Unauthorized parking of trucks in residential zones and yard areas, except in specially designated areas, shall entail a warning or the imposition of anadministrative fine in the amount of between one and three thousand rubles for ordinary citizens; between five and ten thousand rubles for officials; and between ten and twenty thousand for legal entities.
How much is the penalty charge for failure to pay a parking fee?

The fine for failure to pay a parking fee is 2,500 rubles.

From July 1, 2012 the fine for violation of parking and stopping rules amounts to between 2,500 and 5,000 rubles. Failure to pay the fine is regulated by Article 20.25 of the Administrative Code: “Evasion of administrative punishment”, and may result in a minimum fine of one thousand rubles. Failure to pay a fine may also result in administrative arrest for a period of up to 15 days.

That is, if you were issued a fine of 2,500 rubles on July 1, 2012 and have not paid it within the prescribed period (30 days), when the failure to pay is detected, you shall either pay 5,000 rubles or be arrested for a period of up to 15 days for failure to pay a fine for parking and stopping violation, and also pay from 2,500 rubles of the previously unpaid fine, since the appointment of the new administrative penalty does not exempt from the obligation to pay the initial fine.

If you fail to pay a fine for a long period time, this may result in rendering an interlocutory order restraining the offender from going abroad.

What happens to the fines collected?
The system of distribution of the money collected is another key innovation of the project. From now on the money will be transferred to the budget of the city of Moscow and then spent on landscaping the area in which a fine was issued. In other words, a transparent and fair system of allocation of funds is being created.
Fines collected for parking violations and introduction of paid parking will add to the city budget, but are unlikely to solve the problem of traffic congestion or ease the street traffic in the city center where, instead of vehicles improperly parked for free will appear vehicles parked properly for afee. The number of parking spaces is not going to increase.
Administering parking lots is aimed not at supplementing the city budget, but at ensuring proper traffic routine, which is essential for normal functioning of the road and transport infrastructure. We want to eliminate spontaneous parking lots where they cause the problem of traffic congestion. Parking in specially allocated areas will solve the problem of traffic congestion and ease the street traffic.
How is the offender’s identity going to be established? The fact is that many people in Moscow have a power of attorney to drive somebody’s car, do not reside at the address of registration, etc.
In accordance with the Administrative Code a vehicle owner is responsible for committing an offence, not the one who ran it when aviolation was registered. Therefore, a penalty charge notice is sent to the vehicle owner. In due course it can be appealed against within ten days by submitting, for example, a power of attorney, and thus proving that the vehicle was run by a different person. This is astandard procedure for other violations as well, in particular, for exceeding the speed limit.
Doesn’t an increased fine for parking or stopping violation in Moscow andSt. Petersburg infringe on the Russian Constitution, which guarantees equal rights and equal responsibilities to all citizens of Russia, regardless of what part of the country they reside?

An increased fine is provided for by Federal Law #69-FZ of April 21, 2011 “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation” and does not infringe on the Constitution. 


Within 10 days after the decision of an administrative offense was issued, the vehicle owner can appeal against it in due course. In order to assess the reasonableness of the fine in court, all videos of the entire zone where the violation was registered have to be submitted.

How will the final version of a penalty charge notice issued? Is it possible that information on vehicle state registration numbers which are not ’allowed’ to be charged (the so-called ’tough guy’ numbers) will be pre-entered in the database?

The system was created in such a way that it fully eliminates the possibility of making ’editions’ of the kind. We once again emphasize that one of the main goals of the new project administering the parking lots is to remind the Muscovites that rules are the same for everyone, and all drivers regardless of their status must abide them. Therefore, the Government of Moscow was forced to take anumber of unpopular measures.

What happens if I cover my vehicle registration number? Is there any legal responsibility for this?
It is punishable with a fine of 5,000 rubles.
Why was a resident who parked in the street outside the paid parking zone, but which was monitored by a PVR, fined?
A penalty charge notice might have been issued not for unpaid parking, but for parking violating traffic regulations. Check the organization that issued the notice and what violation is specified in the notice.
How many PVRs are in operation?
At this point, there are 110of them. From June 1, there will be about 400 registration systems monitoring the city.
How many routes of PVRs are there now?
At this point, there are 218 of them. From June 1, there will be over 600 routes.

Evacuation

Why is towing performed by private companies?

In order to improve the efficiency of the process of towing improperly parked vehicles from streets. Also transfer of the right to tow toprivate companies significantly reduces the towing costs of the city. Now the city is spending 6.6 million rubles on towing, and this amount is not compensated by the fine of 3 thousand rubles. The money saved on towing will be used for the city’s development.

How exactly will the city parking space be administered? Please tell us more about how towing is going to be performed.

To maximize the efficiency of private operators’ activity, the Central Administrative District will be divided into 4 zones. At first, 7 traffic police officers will work in each zone. At this stage, the towing principles remain the same. At the second stage traffic police are not required any more, since in each zone there will be 17-18 AMPP specialists working. Each specialist will record violations by means ofphoto registration and transfer information about the fact of violation to the control center. Then the operator will send a tow truck tothe place of infringement. The vehicle will be evacuated as soon as the loader arrives (no later than 30 minutes after registering the violation). The vehicle can be picked up from a tow pound after paying the fine and the cost of towing.

How will be a commercial operator to tow improperly parked cars be determined?

The operator will be determined on a competitive basis. It is being planned that from one to four commercial operators will perform towing in the Central Administrative District. Companies offering the most secure and highly efficient system of towing, possessing sufficient funds, having tow pounds, compliant with the existing norms and a good understanding of the business will be able to win the competition. The competition to select operators is going to be as transparent as possible.

How much will towing service performed by a private operator within the Central Administrative District cost the offender?

At the moment, the question is under discussion. In order to establish the exact cost of towing services it is necessary to conduct athorough analysis of all expenditures involved in towing vehicles

How will the towing process be monitored? After all, with prices so high, and so vague an understanding of what illegal parking is or what vehicles are considered to be blocking driveways, there can happen unreasonable towing of vehicle.
In accordance with the new law “On the order of movement of vehicles ...” not only vehicles blocking driveways, but any improperly parked vehicles shall be subject to towing. Authorized specialists will be hired to hold offenders liable for violation of the city beautification norms, photo registration systems will be used to register violations. Thus, the operator company will not be able to non-consensually tow unauthorized vehicles since all violations are going to be registered. Besides, towing trucks will be equipped with video monitoring systems. Cases in which a vehicle can be towed away with the subsequent imposition of a fine shall be described in the regulations.
What will happen to the state institution “Urban service of towing vehicles” (GSPTS) that functions now? Will it be disembodied or work incooperation with commercial operators?
Zones of functioning will be divided between the city and private companies. As soon as private operators will start operating, GSPTS will start to perform towing vehicles for street cleaning, clearing accident scenes, ensuring safe passage of road trains) and to perform towing operations outside CAD. Private operators will carry out towing in clearly defined areas of the Central District only, and can also be employed to work at commuting hubs, railway stations, shopping centers, bus stops and pedestrian crossings in other administrative districts.
What kind of support is the city going to give to towing companies?
Currently the issue of making additional leased parking lots to operators available by the city is under discussion. Rental price is going tobe determined by the Government of Moscow. There is possibility of paying a low rental price, provided that the cost of equipping platforms and operating expenses are paid by private companies.
Until 2005 towing services in Moscow were performed commercial organizations hired by the mayor’s office. Those organizations did not always respect the law, delayed return of vehicles and even resorted to extortion. In 2005 they were replaced by a specially created government agency. Now the situation repeats itself and we are going back to the negative experience of working with private operators. What is the reason for that, aren’t you afraid to repeat the scenario?

7 years ago, Moscow was not ready for commercial towing, and now we have all the technological tools to automate this function, and complete control over the process: mobility aids, navigation, etc. It is now possible to eliminate people’s participation in making adecision to tow a vehicle, automate and enable additional control, including monitoring by means of video registration of violations.

Attracting commercial operators due to the need to increase the effectiveness of the fight against violators of stopping and parking rules, as well as to reduce the budgetary costs.

1. Commercial operators will enable to ensure greater efficiency of towing vehicles violating traffic rules, since they specialize in this kind of work (they are not involved in street cleaning, ensuring safe traffic of road trains and clearing accident scenes). They have clear criteria for the volume of work that they have to do. They are connected to a single supervisory system (they tow only vehicles identified as perpetrators, all movements and operations are registered and monitored by municipal services)

2. Due to absence of other activities, towing activities will be paid off by the money collected for towing and storage of offenders’ vehicles (now the budget pays 6.6 thousand rubles for towing each vehicle)

Is there a risk of damage to the vehicle during towing or in the tow pound? Who would then be responsible for the damage?
The risk of damage is negligible due to high requirements to tow trucks (the operating company must buy at least 20 new long-range tow trucks produced abroad) and the use of protection systems, from tipping over, overload, over lift (carrying capacity, stability, attachment, boom). Vehicles transporting and storage are insured against unforeseen circumstances. Proven damage caused by the operator will be reimbursed by the insurance payments. Experience of city services work shows that there are few loss occurrences, and most of them involve the use of outdated equipment.
How much better will private tow trucks operate, what performance is be expected in comparison with the current activities?
A 2-4 fold increase in the number of tows in the Central Administrative District. This is achieved through the use of tow pounds close totow truck’s working site. Increased convenience of vehicle’s return due to the possibility of payment of fines on a tow pound. Now the city has about 100 tow trucks, and in the new conditions in the CAD only there will operate 120 units of special equipment involved intowing, — they are not going to participate in other urban activities.
How quickly will a vehicle be towed away if parking is not paid for?
Vehicles are not towed away yet, but penalty charge notices are already being issued. Towing process will start after the adoption ofappropriate amendments to the legislation.
Will a selective approach to towing vehicles continue? Will vehicles parked at the Moscow City Duma be towed away?
Department of Transport stands for a unified approach to towing. No selective approach will be implemented. If a vehicle has nospecial parking permit, it will be towed away.

Legal unit

The rights and freedoms of citizens, including the right to use a vehicle on a public road, may be limited only by the Federal Law, now the law was passed by the Moscow City Duma. How did it happen and why?

The Federal Law gave a lot of federal authority to the subordinate entity of the Federation. With direct reference to Federal Law257-FZ of November 8, 2007 “On highways and road activities in the Russian Federation and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”, the subordinate entity of the Federation is entitled to the following:

1. “taking decisions on creation and use of paid parking lots (parking spaces) located on public regional or inter-municipal roads”

2. “determination of the order of creation and use, including on paid basis, of parking lots (parking spaces) located on public inter-municipal or regional roads”.

When using paid parking lots a citizen makes an offer agreement for rendering services, which is under the jurisdiction of the Federal Law of the Civil Code, and not the law of the city of Moscow. How can you explain that?
The city does not offer parking services. The city takes “payment” for placing on a parking space (an object of beautification), and this is considered as collecting money, rather than paying for services.
The Administrative Code reads that having an “unreadable” vehicle registration number is punishable by a fine of 500 rubles. In Moscow the sum has been raised to 2,000 rubles, which means the Moscow measure is contrary to the federal one. Why is that?
The Federal Administrative Code reads about the amount of a fine for driving without vehicle registration numbers. Under Moscow Administrative Code a parked vehicle is punished with a fine (i.e., there is no contradiction, only an addition).
What is the legal basis for mobile photo and video registration systems (PVR) functioning? After all, the concept of breach of parking regulations isneither in driving regulations nor in the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation.
Violations of parking regulations are specified in amendments to the Administrative Code of Moscow, adopted by the Moscow City Duma on October 24, 2012. “The Code of Administrative Offences of Moscow” (hereinafter — the Code) in accordance with the Constitution, the Code of Administrative Offences, the Charter of the City of Moscow establishes administrative responsibility for matters outside the Code of Administrative Offences of the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, including for violation of the rules and regulations stipulated by the laws and other normative legal acts of the City of Moscow, the normative legal acts of the local government of the city of Moscow, as well as determines the authorities and officials authorized to draw up reports and to consider cases onadministrative offenses provided for in this Code.
Barriers that we install ourselves, can be removed. In order to put the ’legal’ barriers, do we need to go through a lot of endorsements?
Indeed, the yard territory is municipal, but the Department of Transport supports the initiative of residents to restrict the entry of outside cars into the yard, and strongly recommends that you install barriers, with the obligatory coordination with the head of the district council.
What shall tenants do if the barrier is illegally dismantled?
Contact your district council, they will help you to resolve this problem.